Among the 11th graders of 2020, many will decide to take the Unified State Exam in Physics and today we propose to discuss whether the FIPI plans to change the structure of KIMs, when the exam will take place (the date of the main period), and what should be the preparation of graduates planning to submit documents to rating universities in Russia.
Should I take physics?
In 2020, physics promises to be one of the most popular USE subjects of choice, because such a certificate can open the doors for future applicants to universities of various fields.
So, physics will be necessary for those who have chosen for themselves:
- engineering specialty at one of the polytechnic universities;
- physics (in all its directions);
- some areas of IT;
- aviation and space.
In 2019, about 174,000 people passed this subject at the USE, which puts physics in second place in the ranking of the popularity of elective disciplines (after social studies, which was chosen by 385,000 graduates).
Important! In conjunction with physics, it is necessary to take mathematics of a profile level. Read more about the structure and features of the exam in the article "Examination in Mathematics in 2020".
The date of the
Graduates of the 2019-2020 academic year will pass the exam in physics on Tuesday June 16. The reserve days of the main period are on 01.07.20 and 03.07.20.
Please note that in the preliminary calendar, which Kravtsov presented during his report, there are two subjects on one day - physics and foreign languages. This means that graduates who wish to receive certificates in two subjects will have to take one of the disciplines on a reserve day.
What will be the dates of the physics test in the framework of the preliminary session of 2020 will be known closer to November.
For the subject "physics" (as well as for other disciplines of choice) autumn retake is not provided. In September, 11th graders will receive their last attempt to overcome the minimum threshold in the mandatory subjects of the exam - the Russian language and mathematics.
Please note that in KIMs of the Unified State Examination 2020 in physics some changes are planned. The innovations announced by the FIPI will be insignificant and will not affect the structure of the exam ticket.
In the coming year in KIMs in physics 11-graders expect two innovations.
There will be 6 tasks with a detailed answer (instead of 5 in 2019). The answer to the calculation problem from the course of mechanics should now be deployed. Accordingly, for the correct completion of the task it will be possible to get 2 primary points.
Task number 24 in astrophysics will be formulated somewhat differently. Now the condition will not indicate the exact number of correct answers. There may be 2-3, depending on the question posed.
Format and regulations
All basic norms of the exam in physics in 2020 will remain unchanged:
- 3 hours 55 minutes (235 minutes) are allotted for the performance of work;
- in KIM there are a total of 32 tasks of different difficulty levels;
- the maximum primary point in physics is 53 (corresponds to 100 certificate points);
- to obtain a certificate you must score at least 36 out of 100 possible text points;
- KIM provides reference materials that are allowed for use (table of decimal prefixes, basic constants, metric ratios of quantities, particle masses, astronomical values, density, specific heat and specific heat, molar masses, as well as indicators of normal conditions);
- it is allowed to use a non-programmable calculator with the ability to calculate trigonometric functions.
Graduates who pass the Unified State Exam in Physics in 2020 may well use the materials developed for the exams in 2018 and 2019 for preparation, since no changes are foreseen in the structure of KIM and the wording of most tasks will remain the same.
The ticket, divided into two parts, will offer 32 tasks of different difficulty levels.
Number of tasks
Among the tasks of the 1st part, in 13 the answer will need to be written in the form of a number, a sequence of numbers or a word, and in 11 - to establish mutual correspondence or to make a multiple choice of the correct options.
Among the tasks of the 2nd part, only No. 25, 26 suggest a short answer, and the remaining six (No. 27-32) - a detailed one.
Distribution by difficulty level:
Number of tasks
The distribution of theoretical blocks:
- mechanics - from 9 to 11 tasks;
- electrodynamics - from 9 to 11;
- molecular physics - from 7 to 8;
- quantum physics and astrophysics - from 5 to 6.
Having completed all 32 KIM tasks correctly, you can get 53 primary points, which will be interpreted as a 100-point result in the certificate.
Primary points for tasks of I and II blocks will be awarded as follows:
№ 1-4, 8-10, 13-15, 19-20, 22-23, 25-26
№ 5-7, 11-12, 16-18, 21, 24, 28
№ 27, 29-32
Answer form No. 1 will be digitized and verified automatically. It is impossible to appeal to this type of verification. The blame for not recognized by the computer (or recognized as incorrect) answers lies entirely with the examinee, so you must be as careful as possible when filling out the form.
Tasks with detailed answers will be checked by experts, guided by the assessment scale developed by the FIPI. If the opinions of two experts who checked the work independently of each other differ significantly, then a third specialist will be involved in the verification, who will recheck only the controversial tasks.
You can appeal to the verification of the 2nd part if you are completely confident in your rightness and are ready to defend the missing points in front of the expert commission.
Physics is one of those USE subjects that cannot be passed on to a high score without thorough preparation, because the exam covers a rather large amount of theoretical material and requires graduates to have an honed skill in solving typical and non-standard problems.
Three basic principles will help a graduate succeed:
- good theoretical background;
- systematic preparation;
- experienced teacher.
Is it possible to independently prepare for the Unified State Examination 2020, and what pitfalls does graduates prepare for who prefer a self-taught physicist? This question arises in many 11th graders. After all, individual tutoring with a tutor is not a cheap pleasure, and the pace of group classes can not always match your speed.
So, if you decide to prepare yourself, the following will be useful:
- special editions for the Unified State Exam 2018, 2019 and better than 2020;
- open task bank on the FIPI website (fipi.ru);
- demos of the Unified State Exam 2020 as well as 2018 and 2019 (the structure and content of KIMs are very close, with the exception of the two tasks mentioned earlier);
- online tutorials, demo streams and thematic lectures to help you better understand complex topics.
Advice! At the preparation stage, use the calculator that you plan to take with you for the exam. Also pay attention to which of the necessary data can be found in the provided additional materials, and what is worth learning in advance.
In the course of practical training, pay special attention to tasks of a combined type, for the solution of which it is necessary to accumulate knowledge from different directions. Also, be sure to delve into topics from a mathematics course that are inextricably linked with physics (function graphs, function limits, differentiation, integration, etc.).
The main problem of the guys who study independently is the absence of a person nearby who can tell if they are at a dead end and point out the mistakes made during the solution (we do not always get the “right” answer in the course of the right solution), and when checking the 2nd part each stage is taken into account in the course of solving the problem.
What should be the logical chain of reasoning when solving the problems of the Unified State Examination in physics, and what aspects should be paid special attention to, see the detailed analysis of the 2020 demo version: